The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:
⦁ A cracked tooth
⦁ A deep cavity
⦁ An injury to a tooth,
Once the pulp is infected or dead, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth and cause pain.
Root canal treatment consists of several steps that take place over several office visits, depending on the situation. These steps are:
⦁ First, an opening is made through the back of a tooth.
⦁ After the diseased pulp is removed, the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned.
⦁ If more than one visit is needed, a temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits.
⦁ The temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal permanently filled. A tapered, rubbery material called gutta-percha is inserted into each of the canals and is often sealed into place with cement.. In the final step, a crown is usually placed over the tooth to restore its natural shape and appearance. If the tooth is very broken down, a post may be required to build it up prior to placing a crown.
Your treated and restored tooth/teeth can last a lifetime with proper care. Because tooth decay can still occur in treated teeth, good oral hygiene and regular dental exams are necessary to prevent further problems.
As there is no longer a pulp keeping the tooth alive, root-treated teeth can become brittle and are more prone to fracture. This is an important consideration when deciding whether to crown or fill a tooth after root canal treatment.